Islam spread via trade routes, and Africans converting to Islam increased trade and commerce. Historians give many reasons for the spread of Islam facilitating trade.
What religion spread the Indian Ocean trade route?
Classic Period Indian Ocean Trading
Another major export item along the classical Indian Ocean trade routes was religious thought. Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism spread from India to Southeast Asia, brought by merchants rather than by missionaries. Islam would later spread the same way from the 700s CE on.
What religion was brought across the Sahara Desert?
In this way, Islam spread across and around the Sahara Desert. In addition, the religion arrived in East Africa when Arab traders crossed the Red Sea and, in a second wave, settled along the Swahili Coast.
What religion spread the Indian Ocean and Tran Sahara?
In both the Trans-Saharan trade network and Indian Ocean trade network (IOTN) between 600 CE – 1450 CE, trade increased in volume due to the spread of Islam as a unifying factor in both regions and an increasing demand for luxury goods.
Which religion spread across Africa as trade routes were developed through the Sahara?
Islam in Ghana
As the kingdom of Ghana extended into the Sahara, increased contact with Arab traders from the east brought the religion of Islam to Ghana.
What type of religion is Islam?
listen) “submission [to God]”) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with 1.9 billion followers, or 24.9% of the world’s population, known as Muslims.
How did the Islamic religion spread?
Islam spread through military conquest, trade, pilgrimage, and missionaries. Arab Muslim forces conquered vast territories and built imperial structures over time. … The caliphate—a new Islamic political structure—evolved and became more sophisticated during the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates.
How many trade routes were there across the Sahara Desert?
– there were 7 north-south trade routes and 2 east-west routes. These put the people in Sub-Saharan Africa in touch with an expanding number of cultures and trading patterns. by the end of the 8th century, the trans-Saharan trade had become famous throughout Europe and Asia.
Why did trade began across the Sahara Desert?
Why did trade begin across the Sahara Desert? … They found goods such as horses and camels and realized that there was trade to be done in Sub-Saharan Africa. Because they now had access to camels as well as the technology of stirrups and saddles, trade was possible and therefore it ensued.
How did Islam spread through Indian Ocean trade?
The act of Hajj, an obligatory pilgrimage to Mecca, has long established a flow of Muslims across great distances throughout the Indian Ocean. … The Indian Ocean marketplace – a series of economic exchanges throughout East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, and China – played a huge role in the spread of Islam.
How did Islam spread to India?
Islam arrived in the inland of Indian subcontinent in the 7th century when the Arabs conquered Sindh and later arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Ghurids conquest and has since become a part of India’s religious and cultural heritage.
What was the religion of Africa before Christianity?
Polytheism was widespreaded in most of ancient African and other regions of the world, before the introduction of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. An exception was the short-lived monotheistic religion created by Pharaoh Akhenaten, who made it mandatory to pray to his personal god Aton (see Atenism).
What was the first religion in Africa?
The Story of Africa| BBC World Service. Christianity came first to the continent of Africa in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive (he died in 632). Thus both religions have been on the continent of Africa for over 1,300 years.
How was Islam spread to West Africa?
Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.