Best answer: When did the Indian Ocean trade start and end?

Background Information on the Indian Ocean Trade. The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit.

How long did the Indian Ocean trade route last?

For roughly 700 years, the Indian Ocean was the center of the greatest international trade network the world had ever seen. First truly rising around 800 CE and maintaining its dominance until the 1500s CE, these networks connected the Afro-Eurasian supercontinent in one massive cycle of trade.

When did the Indian Ocean trade collapse?

But, as we’ll see in another episode that this trade abruptly declined in the 15th century. And with it, so did Srivijaya. This brings up a key point about Indian Ocean Trade, which is that it was indispensable to the creation of certain city states, like Srivijaya and the city states of the Swahili Coast.

When did the trade with India by sea begin?

However, new evidence shows that the network predates the Romans by generations. The Indian Ocean system developed out of the gradual integration of earlier regional networks. By 3000 B.C., travelers in small canoes and rafts moved between towns and trading ports along coastlines from Arabia to the Indian subcontinent.

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Who started Indian Ocean trade?

The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.

What did the Indian Ocean trade?

The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. … Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well. Enslaved people were also traded.

What caused the Indian Ocean trade?

Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.

How did Indian Ocean trade change over time?

The Indian Ocean commerce was subject to many changes from 650 CE to 1750 CE. One major change was the increased involvement of the Europeans in the commerce of the Indian Ocean over time. There were also continuities, which include the use of the same trade routes.

In what centuries did the Indian Ocean trade network surge?

In what centuries did the Indian Ocean trade network surge? The Indian Ocean trade network really started to surge between 1000 CE and 1200. The Indian Ocean trade started to surge again in the 14th and 15th centuries.

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When did maritime trade start?

About 5,000 years ago, the first major trade routes were formed between modern-day India and Pakistan along the Arabian Sea. Due to bandits attacking caravans, land travel became dangerous and mariners began to travel on the sea. They used an astrolabe to navigate the waters.

What was India known for trading?

Traders in India also sold a lot of Indian things to both China and West Asia. Early on it was mainly medicine, but also spices like cinnamon and black pepper, clothing dyes like indigo (named for India) and luxuries like pearls. The trade made India a very rich country.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect SE Asia and E Africa?

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa? Trade gave rise to civilization known as Swahili. … Cities were commercial centers that accumulated goods from the interior and exchange them for the products of the distant civilizations.