Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa. The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD.
What was sold on Indian Ocean trade?
The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade. These items could be sold at a profit because they were scarce in Asian countries.
What was traded on the sea routes?
In addition to silk, major commodities traded included gold, jade, tea, and spices. Since the transport capacity was limited, over long distances and often unsafe, luxury goods were the only commodities that could be traded.
What major trade route preceded the Indian Ocean trade route?
First, Indian Ocean trade incorporated many more people than participated in Silk Road trade.
What ideas were exchanged on the Indian Ocean trade route?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
What were the three trade routes?
The three trade routes used during the Hellenistic era are mentioned below: – The ptolemaic empire, The Antigonid empire and the seleucid empire in Egypt, Macedonia and in Persia and Mesopotamia were three hellenic empires that followed Alexander death. – From the war of succession these three empires emerged.
What are trade routes?
Definition of trade route
1 : one of the sea-lanes ordinarily used by merchant ships. 2 : a route followed by traders (as in caravans)
How have sea routes promoted trade give examples?
Answer: The Egyptians had trade routes through the Red Sea, importing spices from the “Land of Punt” (East Africa) and from Arabia. … It facilitated the spread of Southeast Asian spices and Chinese goods to the west, as well as the spread of Hinduism and Buddhism to the east…
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.
Who started the Indian Ocean trade route?
The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.
What two items were most important in the Indian Ocean trade during the post classical period?
The growth of inter-regional trade in luxury goods (silk and cotton textiles, porcelain, spices, precious metals and gems, slaves, exotic animals) was encouraged by significant innovations in previously existing transportation and commercial technologies–including caravanserai, compass use, the astrolabe, larger ship …
What did China trade on the Indian Ocean?
The products exported from China were very high quality specialized goods and commercial crops, like silk, porcelain, and oranges. China’s control of the trade networks directed the flow of wealth and intellectual achievement for centuries.
What did India trade on the Silk Road?
The sacks of merchants were filled with ivory, rhino horns, turtle shells, spices, ceramic and iron items, glaze and cinnamon, ginger, bronze weapons and mirrors. India was famous for its fabrics, spices and semi-precious stones, dyes, and ivory.