India is home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north, where elevated regions receive sustained winter snowfall. The nation’s climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert.
Why is India called a tropical country?
Indian subcontinent is separated from the rest of Asia by the lofty Himalayan ranges which block the cold air masses moving southwards from Central Asia. … Thus the whole of India, south of the Himalayas can be climatically treated as a tropical country.
Is India A tropical countries?
Indias climate can be classified as a hot tropical country, except the northern states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir in the north and Sikkim in the northeastern hills, which have a cooler, more continental influenced climate. In most of India summer is very hot.
Is India a tropical or subtropical country?
Almost half of the country, lying south of the Tropic of Cancer, belongs to the tropical area. All the remaining area, north of the Tropic, lies in the sub-tropics. Therefore, India’s climate has characteristics of tropical as well as subtropical climates.
What climate type is India?
Most of our India is a sub tropical country and that means very hot summers, humid rainy season and mild winters. In the hilly regions the summers are mild and the winters are cold. The monsoons affect most of India between June and August.
Is India temperate zone or tropical zone?
The Himalayas work as a barrier to the frigid katabatic winds, which blow down from Central Asia. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country, and this makes its climate more tropical. India is a big tropical country and is famous for its diverse climatic features.
Does India lies in tropical zone?
India lies in two heat zones. And the Tropic of Cancer passes through central India, making the southern part lie in the tropical zone and the Northern part to lie in the temperate zone.
What countries are temperate?
Regions that lie exclusively in the temperate zone include the continental U.S., most of Canada and Europe, Central Asia, southern South America and southern Australia.
Which country lies in temperate zone?
The countries which lies in temperate zone are India, China, Japan, Europe, Australia, Africa and many more.
Where are the temperate zone?
Definition: The part of the Earth’s surface between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer or between the Antarctic Circle and the Tropic of Capricorn; characterized by temperate climate [i.e. mild, moderate temperature; neither hot nor cold].
In which climatic zone is India located?
Climate Zone Map of India
|Climate Zone||Mean Temperature (°C)||Places|
|Summer midday (High)|
|Hot and Dry||40 to 45||Rajasthan, Gujarat, West- ern Madhya Pradesh,Central Maharashtra etc.|
|Warm and Humid||30 to 35||Kerela, Tamil- nadu, Costal parts of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh etc.|
|Temperate||30 to 34||Bangalore, Goa and parts of the Deccan|
Why India has a subtropical climate?
The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east. Almost half of the country lying south of the Tropic of Cancer belongs to the tropical area. … Therefore India’s climate has characteristics of tropical as well as subtropical climates.
How many climatic zones are there in India?
In India, (Bansal & Minke, 1988) had carried out detailed studies and reported that India can be divided into six climatic zones, namely, hot and dry, warm and humid, moderate, cold and cloudy, cold and sunny, and composite. The criteria of classification are described in Table 1.
Does it ever snow in India?
Like all other parts of the world, snowfall in India is synonymous with bewitching sceneries, often seen in wallpapers and calendars. But if you really want to experience the same, the best snow season in India is during the winter months of December to February.
Does India have four seasons?
A ritu is a season in the traditional Hindu calendar, used in parts of India. There are six ritu: vasanta (spring); grishma (summer); varsha (rainy or monsoon); sharat (autumn); hemant (pre-winter); and shishira (winter).
Which is the coldest place in India?
Dras – The Coldest Place in India
Dras is a lonely town in the infamous Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir, popularly known as ‘The gateway to Ladakh’. Dras is the coldest place in India and often touted as second to the coldest place inhabited on Earth.