An increasing population and inadequate surface water is fast depleting the country of its groundwater resources. Groundwater has been declining at an alarming rate in India, which is expected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in less than a decade. …
Is India running out of ground water?
At least 21 cities in India, including capital New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting around 100 million people.
How long until India runs out of water?
The World Bank estimate in 2005 warned that if the current trends continue, 60% of all aquifers in India will be in a critical condition within 20 years (4). In a recent study, Rodell et al.
How much groundwater is available in India?
As per the latest assessment, the annual replenishable ground water resource of country has been estimated as 433 billion cubic meter (bcm), out of which 399 bcm is considered to be available for development for various uses.
Which 21 Indian cities will run out of groundwater by 2020?
Twenty one cities in India including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad – will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting around 100 million people, claims a report by NITI Ayog. The report also says that 40 per cent of India’s population will have no access to drinking water by 2030.
Which country will run out of water first?
According to current projections, Cape Town will run out of water in a matter of months. This coastal paradise of 4 million on the southern tip of South Africa is to become the first modern major city in the world to completely run dry.
Does India have fresh water?
About 160 million — more than the population of Russia — of India’s 1.3 billion people don’t have access to clean water. … UNICEF said last week that almost 20% of urban Indians do not have facilities with water and soap at home.
Which city in India will run out of water?
And not just Chennai, cities across India have been facing acute water shortages due to massive population growth and rapid, unplanned urbanisation. A 2018 study published in Nature projected that by 2050, Jaipur would have the second-highest water deficit in the world, with Chennai at #20.
Why India has a water crisis?
India’s water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, increased corporate privatization, industrial and human waste and government corruption. In addition, water scarcity in India is expected to worsen as the overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by year 2050.
Why is India in a water crisis?
India is water-stressed due to changing weather patterns and repeated droughts. And the worst sufferes of this crisis are mostly women. As many as 256 of 700 districts in India have reported ‘critical’ or ‘over-exploited’ groundwater levels according to the most recent Central Ground Water Board data (from 2017).
Which country has most groundwater?
India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. It uses an estimated 230 cubic kilometers of groundwater per year – over a quarter of the global total. More than 60% of irrigated agriculture and 85% of drinking water supplies are dependent on groundwater.
Which state has the most groundwater in India?
Haryana, which gets an annual precipitation of 689 millimetres (mm), holds the highest levels of usable groundwater with 3,593 centimeters (cm) while Himachal Pradesh with a precipitation of 1,147 mm per year has the lowest UGWS level of 520 cm.
In which state of India groundwater is overused?
Answer: NEW DELHI: Delhi is the third most ‘over exploited’ groundwater state in India after Punjab and Rajasthan according to a report prepared by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and state groundwater departments, which was placed in the Lok Sabha on Thursday.
Is Delhi running out of water?
Delhi is one of 21 Indian cities that could run out of groundwater this summer, according to a 2018 government thinktank report. If and when this happens, it will be known as “day zero”. The water woes are a product of years of booming population growth, drought and mismanagement.
Is India a water rich country?
India is a water rich country with 4% of world’s water resources(India-WRIS wiki 2015). The rivers have been the heart and soul of the India’s growth as well as culture. … The Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna system is the largest river system in India with 43% of the catchment area of the all major river systems.
Which state in India has water problem?
The states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan have been facing serious water crisis since 2017-2018. According to the Union Ministry of Agriculture, the groundwater level has fallen alarmingly over the years.