Question: How many duties are there in Indian Constitution?

Fundamental duties basically imply the moral obligations of all citizens of a country and today, there are 11 fundamental duties in India, which are written in Part IV-A of the Constitution, to promote patriotism and strengthen the unity of India.

How many duty are there in Indian Constitution?

Originally ten in number, the fundamental duties were increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002, which added a duty on every parent or guardian to ensure that their child or ward was provided opportunities for education between the ages of six and fourteen years.

How many rights and duties are there in India?

The Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) right to equality, (ii) right to freedom, (iii) right against exploitation, (iv) right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies.

What are duties of Indian citizens?

Being a citizen of India, some of the moral responsibilities and duties mentioned in the constitution are: We must respect the National Flag and National Anthem, obey the laws of our country, protect the power, unity and integrity of the country, safeguard public property, pay our taxes with honesty promptly, protect …

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What is Article 51 A?

The Fundamental Duty, given in Article 51 A(g) of the Indian Constitution clearly mentions the duty of the citizen to protect the environment. According to this article, it is the duty of every citizen to protect and preserve the natural environment (natural environment includes forest, rivers, lakes, and wildlife).

How many fundamental duties are there?

There are 11 Fundamental Duties for Indian Citizens drafted on the lines of moral, ethical and culture code of conduct followed by people.

What is the 11th fundamental duty?

The 11th Fundamental Duty, which states that every citizen “who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years” was added by the 86th constitutional amendment in 2002.

What is the 11th duty of the Indian citizens as mentioned in the Constitution from which year was it effective?

42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added 10 Fundamental Duties to the Indian Constitution. 86th Amendment Act 2002 later added 11th Fundamental Duty to the list. Swaran Singh Committee in 1976 recommended Fundamental Duties, the necessity of which was felt during the internal emergency of 1975-77.

What are the two fundamental duties?

PART IVA FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; 2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; 3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India; 4.

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What are the 5 duties of a citizen?

Responsibilities

  • Support and defend the Constitution.
  • Stay informed of the issues affecting your community.
  • Participate in the democratic process.
  • Respect and obey federal, state, and local laws.
  • Respect the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others.
  • Participate in your local community.

What are the 5 main duties of a citizen?

Mandatory Duties of U.S. Citizens

  • Obeying the law. Every U.S. citizen must obey federal, state and local laws, and pay the penalties that can be incurred when a law is broken.
  • Paying taxes. …
  • Serving on a jury when summoned. …
  • Registering with the Selective Service.

What are the 6 fundamental rights?

There are six fundamental rights (Article 12 – 35) recognised by the Indian constitution : the right to equality (Articles 14-18), the right to freedom (Articles 19-22), the right against exploitation (Articles 23-24), the right to freedom of religion (Articles 25-28), cultural and educational rights (Articles 29-30 ) …

What is an Article 42?

Any citizen of the Union, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State, has a right of access to documents of the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union, whatever their medium.

What is 253 of the Constitution?

Draft Article 230 (Article 253) was discussed in the Constituent Assembly on 13 June and 14 October 1949. The Draft Article gave the Union Parliament the exclusive power to make laws for any part of India’s territory in order to implement any treaty, agreement or convention involving one or more countries.

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Why fundamental duties were added?

Then prime minister Indira Gandhi also advocated for inclusion of fundamental duties in the Constitution, asserting that instead of smothering rights, inclusion of fundamental duties would help to “establish a democratic balance by making the people conscious of their duties equally as they are conscious of their …