The British Raj introduced elements of reservation in the Government of India Act of 1909 and there were many other measures put in place prior to independence.
Who is the father of reservation?
By 1921 reservations for ST, SC and OBCs were already introduced. The Maharaja of the princely state Kolhapur, Shahu created reservations for non-Brahmin caste as early as in 1902.
When did SC ST reservation start in India?
In 1935, Parliament passed the Government of India Act 1935, designed to give Indian provinces greater self-rule and set up a national federal structure. The reservation of seats for the Depressed Classes was incorporated into the act, which came into force in 1937.
Who proposed the idea of reservation?
Ambedkar suggested the initial 25 years of reserved seats and any extension (or otherwise) after 25 years should have the approval of two-thirds of members of Parliament and also two-thirds of scheduled castes members (elected through separate electorate method).
Who brought 69% reservation in Tamilnadu?
In 1990, the DMK government under Karunanidhi then divided reservation for SC and ST based on the decision of the Madras High Court. The 1% quota for STs brought the total reservation rate in Tamil Nadu to 69 percent.
Who are the SCs and STs?
Rai said castes and tribes which are specifically notified as Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), as per the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, and the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, as amended from time to time, are enumerated in the decadal Census.
WHO extended reservation in India?
The Ninety-fifth Amendment of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (Ninety-fifth Amendment) Act, 2009, extended the period of reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and representation of the Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies for …
Who is the highest caste in India?
At the top of the hierarchy were the Brahmins who were mainly teachers and intellectuals and are believed to have come from Brahma’s head. Then came the Kshatriyas, or the warriors and rulers, supposedly from his arms.
Who started the reservation system?
In 1851, Congress passed the Indian Appropriations Act which created the Indian reservation system and provided funds to move Indian tribes onto farming reservations and hopefully keep them under control. Indians were not allowed to leave the reservations without permission.
What is the percentage of Brahmins in India?
According to 2007 reports, Brahmins in India are about five percent of its total population.
Who made caste system in India?
According to the social historical theory, the origin of caste system finds its origin in the arrival of Aryans in India. The Aryans arrived in India in around 1500 BC.
What is the Article 340?
Article 340 of the Constitution of India provides for the appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions for the improvement of backward classes.
What is the percentage of reservations in India?
2.2 There shall be a reservation of 16.66 per cent for the members of the Scheduled Castes, 7.5 per cent for the members of the Scheduled Tribes and 25.84 per cent for the members of the Other Backward Classes in the matter of appointment by direct recruitment to civil posts and civil services on all India basis …
Is vanniyar a high caste?
Due to their population size and concentration, the Vanniyars wield significant political clout in northern Tamil Nadu. … The Vanniyars who previously were of the Backward Class category, were now designated as a Most Backward Caste after successful agitations by them in the 1980s entitling them to 20% reservations.
What is GT in caste?
GT – General Turn, BC – Backward Classes (Other than Backward Class Muslim), BC(M) – Backward Class Muslims. MBC/DC – Most Backward Classes and Denotified Commnities. SC(A) Scheduled Castes (Arunthathiyars on preferential basis)
Which caste is powerful in Tamilnadu?
Out of 76 SCs, five SCs Adi Dravida, Pallan, Paraiyan, Chakkiliyan and Arunthathiyar together constitute 93.5 per cent of the SC population of the state. Adi Dravida are numerically the largest SCs with a population of 5,402,755, constituting 45.6 per cent of the state SC population.