For roughly 700 years, trade goods from across the entire supercontinent of Afro-Eurasia passed through the Indian Ocean.
How long was the trade route?
A caravan track stretched west along the Great Wall of China, across the Pamirs, through Afghanistan, and into the Levant and Anatolia. Its length was about 4,000 miles (more than 6,400 km).
How far did the Indian Ocean trade route stretch?
They stretch from the west coast of Japan, through the islands of Indonesia, around India to the lands of the Middle East – and from there, across the Mediterranean to Europe. It is a distance of over 15,000 kilometres and, even today, is not an easy journey.
Where did the Indian Ocean trade route start and end?
The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. This vast international web of routes linked all of those areas as well as East Asia (particularly China).
When did the Indian trade route end?
The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
What was the first trade route?
The first long-distance trade occurred between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley in Pakistan around 3000 BC, historians believe. Long-distance trade in these early times was limited almost exclusively to luxury goods like spices, textiles and precious metals.
What year did a new American trade route open?
The Santa Fe Trail was America’s first commercial highway. Traders established the trail—which connected Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico and covered some 900 miles of the Great Plains—in 1821.
How long did the Silk Road last?
The silk road was a network of paths connecting civilizations in the East and West that was well traveled for approximately 1,400 years.
How did they travel on the Indian Ocean trade route?
During the Classical Era, they were transported by Arab merchants-along with spices, gold, ivory, pearls, precious stones and textiles-through the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula using camel caravans. This trade route, known as the Incense Road, went as far north as the Mediterranean port city of Gaza.
Who first developed traded on the Indian Ocean trade route?
The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.
What major trade route preceded the Indian Ocean trade route?
First, Indian Ocean trade incorporated many more people than participated in Silk Road trade.
How did the Indian Ocean trade change over time?
The Indian Ocean commerce was subject to many changes from 650 CE to 1750 CE. One major change was the increased involvement of the Europeans in the commerce of the Indian Ocean over time. There were also continuities, which include the use of the same trade routes.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.
Who controlled the Indian Ocean trade route?
Three powerful Muslim empires ringed the Indian Ocean. The Ottoman Empire in the west occupied the territory once held by the Byzantine Empire and controlled the Red Sea trade route linking Southeast Asia with Venice.
Which country dominated trade in the Indian Ocean by the mid 1500s?
Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.