What are the advantages of Indian Ocean for India?

The Indian Ocean has emerged as a critical conduit for trade, commerce, and energy. The waters of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) have become a home for economic developments, disputes, conflicts, and competition for regional influence by regional and extraregional powers.

What is special about the Indian Ocean?

It is the only ocean with an asymmetric and, in the north, semiannually reversing surface circulation. It has no separate source of bottom water (i.e., the Indian Ocean’s bottom water originates outside its boundaries) and has two sources of highly saline water (the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea).

What were some positive effects of the Indian Ocean trade?

Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.

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What is the economic importance of Indian Ocean?

With the resurgence of Asia, there has been a tectonic shift of global attention from the West to the East. The waters in the Indian Ocean are rich in oil and minerals, effecting it as an energy heartland both in the supply and demand, hence slowly turning the drivers of global economy towards Asia.

What are 3 interesting facts about the Indian Ocean?

Find out some interesting facts about the Indian Ocean.

  • Covers 20% of the Earth Surface. …
  • Several Continents by its sides/ Unique Location. …
  • The Highest Point is at the Sea Level Itself. …
  • Limited Marine Life. …
  • Has Unique Chemical and Physical Properties. …
  • Has Several Tectonic Plate Boundaries. …
  • Has Lowest Oxygen Content.

What are 3 interesting facts about the Southern Ocean?

20 Southern Ocean Facts for Kids

The total volume of the Southern Ocean is 17.2 million mi3 of water. The Southern Ocean contains 5.4% of all the world’s ocean water. The Southern Ocean is the second smallest of all five oceans. The total surface area of the Southern Ocean is 8.4 million mi2.

Why is the Indian Ocean important?

The importance of trade and the sheer scope of its many subregions make the Indian Ocean critical in terms of military and strategic engagement. It is a vital trading hub, connecting the Middle East to Southeast and East Asia, as well as Europe and the Americas.

What were the advantages that sea-borne trade had over land based trade?

What were the advantages that sea-borne trade had over land-based trade? With sea-borne trade, merchants were able to sail without the need for protection from any state’s navy. Also, merchants could trade goods like cotton cloth, foodstuffs, and timber. All of these were too heavy to trade over land-based trade.

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How did the Indian Ocean trade affect India?

Classic Period Indian Ocean Trading

Another major export item along the classical Indian Ocean trade routes was religious thought. Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism spread from India to Southeast Asia, brought by merchants rather than by missionaries. Islam would later spread the same way from the 700s CE on.

What are advantages to India being situated in middle of Indian Ocean write any two?

India is strategically located at the centre of the trans- Indian Ocean routes which connect the European countries in the west and the countries of East Asia. India could establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast.

What is importance of the Indian Ocean for India long answer?

The Indian Ocean is third largest water body of the world that has vital sea lanes of communication crisscrossing it and which feeds Asia’s largest economies. Around 80 per cent of the world’s seaborne oil trade passes through the choke points of this ocean and therefore it literally connects the east to the west.

What is the importance of Indian Ocean Class 9?

The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.

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Is the Indian Ocean warm or cold?

The Indian Ocean is the warmest ocean in the world. Long-term ocean temperature records show a rapid, continuous warming in the Indian Ocean, at about 1.2 °C (34.2 °F) (compared to 0.7 °C (33.3 °F) for the warm pool region) during 1901–2012.

Why Indian Ocean is the warmest ocean in the world?

Water temperatures of the Indian Ocean range between 66 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit (19 to 30 Celsius) on the ocean’s upper layer. Since it does not connect to the Arctic Ocean, the coldest ocean on Earth, the Indian Ocean stays pretty warm all year round.

Why is it called Indian Ocean?

The Indian Ocean is named after India because of its strategic location at the head of the ocean from ancient times and its long coastline which is longer than any other country in the Indian Ocean rim.