What do you mean by school of Hindu law?

Schools of Hindu law are considered to are the commentaries and the digestives of the smritis. These schools have widened the scope of Hindu law and explicitly contributed to its development. The two major schools of Hindu law are as follows- Mitakshara. Daya Bhaga.

What is the meaning of Hindu Law?

Hindu law, as a historical term, refers to the code of laws applied to Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs in British India. … The substance of Hindu law implemented by the British was derived from a Dharmaśāstra named Manusmriti, one of the many treatises (śāstra) on Dharma.

What are the sources and schools of Hindu Law?

The Dayabhaga and Mitakshara are the two major schools of Hindu law. The Dayabhaga school of law is based on the commentaries of Jimutvahana (author of Dayabhaga which is the digest of all Codes) and the Mitakshara is based on the commentaries written by Vijnaneswar on the Code of Yajnavalkya.

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How many schools of Hindu laws are there?

There are two major schools of thought in Hindu Law. The first school of thought, the Mitakshara School, is orthodox.

Which are the two school of HUF under Hindu Law?

A Hindu Undivided Family (joint family) is governed by the two schools of Hindu Law viz; Mitakshara and Dayabhaga. (The Dayabhaga school is prevalent mainly in West Bengal and Assam whereas the Mitakshara school is prevalent in most of the other parts of India.)

What are the schools of Hindu law?

The two major schools of Hindu law are as follows:

Mitakshara and Dayabhaga are the two important schools of Hindu Law which have given us the required information about the present legislated laws.

What is Hindu law and sources of Hindu law?

Shrutis are considered to be the major source of Hindu law. Another term for Shruti is Veda. according to Hindu law, there are four Vedas namely, Rigveda, Samveda, Yajurveda, Atharveda. The brahmins used to pronounce what is written in these Vedas to the people.

What is Bangladesh Hindu Law?

Hindu law is the personal law of the Hindu citizens and is applicable in the matter of marriage, adoption, inheritance, gift, will etc. The Hindu community of Bangladesh is mainly governed by the Dayabhaga or Bengal School of Hindu law.

Who is a Coparcener?

Under the Hindu Law, the coparcener is a term to indicate those male members of a Hindu family who have an undivided interest over the ancestral property by birth. … After the 2005 amendment of the Hindu Succession Law, a daughter of the family is also considered a coparcener.

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What does Smriti mean?

Smriti (Sanskrit: स्मृति, IAST: Smṛti), literally “that which is remembered” are a body of Hindu texts usually attributed to an author, traditionally written down, in contrast to Śrutis (the Vedic literature) considered authorless, that were transmitted verbally across the generations and fixed.

Who wrote Vedas?

According to tradition, Vyasa is the compiler of the Vedas, who arranged the four kinds of mantras into four Samhitas (Collections).

What are the various schools of Hindu law distinguish between Mitakshara school and Dayabhaga school?

Mitakshara school considers only the male members of the family under the joint family. In Dayabhaga, children have no right over property by birth and arise only after the death of their fathers. In the Mitakshara system, the son, grandson and great-grandson acquire the right to property by birth.

WHO is governed by Hindu law?

(I) Follower of Hinduism: The Hindu law applies to the person who is a follower of the Hindu religion. This includes the followers of Virashaiva, Lingayat, Brahmo, Prarthana or Arya Samaj. Apart from these it also applies to the persons who are the followers of Buddhism, Jainism or Sikhism.

Can any woman gift her Stridhan?

As per Hindu law, stridhan is whatever a women receives during her lifetime including all movable, immovable property, gifts etc received prior to marriage, at the time of marriage and during child birth.

What is the difference between Mitakshara and Dayabhaga?

Under the Dayabhaga law school the son has no automatic ownership right by birth but acquires it on the demise of his father. In the Mitakshara school the father’s power over the property is qualified by the equal rights by birth enjoyed by a son, a grandson and a great grand -son.

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What is Mitakshara law?

In Mitakshara law, on the death of a coparcener, his interest became merged with that of the surviving coparceners. … It said that when a male Hindu died after the Act came into force, his interest in a Mitakshara coparcenary shall go to the surviving members of the coparcenary and not in accordance with the Act.