Article 23 of the Indian Constitution explicitly prohibits and criminalises human trafficking and forced labour.
What is the Article 23 of Indian Constitution?
Article 23 of the Constitution amended in 2014 includes the following provisions: Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
Who can claim right under Article 23 and 24?
Right Against Exploitation (Article 23 and 24)
The right is available to citizens of India as well as to non-citizens. The right provides against human trafficking in the form of: Selling and buying of men, women and children.
What is the exception of Article 23?
An Exception to Article 23
provided that in making any such service compulsory for public purposes, the State, however, cannot make discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.
What Article 23 reveals about exploitation?
Prohibition of Traffic in Human Beings and Forced Labour. Clause 1 of Article 23 prohibits the trafficking of human beings, begar any similar form of forced labour. It also states that any contravention of this provision is punishable by the law.
What does Article 23 of the Human Rights mean?
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
Is Article 23 a fundamental right?
The Right against Exploitation is enshrined in Articles 23 and 24 of the Indian Constitution. These are important Fundamental Rights that guarantee every citizen protection from any kind of forced labour.
Who is Father of Indian Constitution?
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Ambedkar University Delhi is also named in his honour. The Maharashtra government has acquired a house in London where Ambedkar lived during his days as a student in the 1920s.
Who can enforce fundamental rights?
14), to all persons. The fundamental rights are enforceable in the High Courts and the Supreme Court. In writ petitions before these courts, a person or a citizen can seek enforcement of fundamental rights and redress for their breach.
Is Article 31C valid?
Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. , The Supreme Court struck down article 31C as unconstitutional (Amended portion in 42nd Amendment Act) on the ground that it destroys the “basic features” of the Constitution. … The Court held that article 31C as originally introduced by the 25th Amendment is constitutionally valid.
What is right against exploitation in India?
It is described in Articles 23 and 24 of the Constitution of India. complete Answer: The Right against exploitation prohibits all types of forced labour, child labour and trafficking of people. … It also makes various provisions like definition of exploitation, begar, bonded labour, trafficking, etc.
Which one of the following is not prohibited by Art 23?
Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour. (1) Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
Can parliament suspend fundamental rights?
For this Article 359 empowers the president to suspend the fundamental rights given by other articles also. … Such legislation by parliament of India may restrict the operation of any fundamental rights such as Equality, Freedom of Expression, Freedom of association, Personal Liberty etc.
Which one of the following is a violation of a right against exploitation?
A team of social scientists studied their poor condition and petitioned the Supreme Court. They argued that employing a person to work for less than the minimum prescribed wage amounts to begar or forced labour, which is a violation of the Fundamental Right against exploitation.
What are the examples of right against exploitation?
answer: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
Which of the following is correct with respect to right against exploitation?
Answer: Option C is the correct answer. The Right against Exploitation enshrined in the Indian Constitution guarantees the dignity of the individual.