Java Trench, also called Sunda Double Trench, deep submarine depression in the eastern Indian Ocean that extends some 2,000 miles (3,200 km) in a northwest-southeast arc along the southwestern and southern Indonesian archipelago.
Are there any trenches in the Indian Ocean?
The deepest places on the ocean floor are called trenches. These troughs extend to great depths, and in the Indian Ocean, there are two particularly deep trenches: the Java Trench and the Diamantina Trench.
What is the trench called in the ocean?
deep-sea trench, also called oceanic trench, any long, narrow, steep-sided depression in the ocean bottom in which occur the maximum oceanic depths, approximately 7,300 to more than 11,000 metres (24,000 to 36,000 feet).
Is Mariana Trench in Indian Ocean?
Of this number, 18 are in the Pacific Ocean, three in the Atlantic Ocean, and one in the Indian Ocean. Where, and What is the Mariana Trench? The Mariana Trench is located in the Pacific Ocean, just east of the 14 Mariana Islands (11″21′ North latitude and 142″ 12′ East longitude ) near Japan.
What is the name of the trench?
Mariana Trench, also called Marianas Trench, deep-sea trench in the floor of the western North Pacific Ocean, the deepest such trench known on Earth, located mostly east as well as south of the Mariana Islands.
What is the deepest trench of Indian Ocean?
The Java Trench, in the eastern Indian Ocean, is more than 4000 km long. In April 2019, the FDE undertook the first crewed descent to the absolute bottom of the trench (7187 m).
Five deepest points of the world’s oceans.
|Approx depth in metres||10 924|
Where is the Mariana Trench?
The Mariana Trench, in the Pacific Ocean, is the deepest location on Earth. According to the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), the United States has jurisdiction over the trench and its resources. Scientists use a variety of technologies to overcome the challenges of deep-sea exploration and explore the Trench.
What is the deepest trench in the ocean?
The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep and is located beneath the western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of the Mariana Trench, which runs several hundred kilometers southwest of the U.S. territorial island of Guam. Challenger Deep is approximately 36,200 feet deep.
How is trench formed in the ocean?
In particular, ocean trenches are a feature of convergent plate boundaries, where two or more tectonic plates meet. At many convergent plate boundaries, dense lithosphere melts or slides beneath less-dense lithosphere in a process called subduction, creating a trench.
What lives in Mariana Trench?
The organisms discovered in the Mariana Trench include bacteria, crustaceans, sea cucumbers, octopuses and fishes. In 2014, the deepest living fish, at the depth of 8000 meters, Mariana snailfish was discovered near Guam.
Why is it called Mariana Trench?
The Mariana Trench was first pinpointed in 1875 during the undertaking of a global circumnavigation. It was found by utilizing sounding equipment on the HMS Challenger. It was named for the nearby Mariana Islands.
What is the name of the trench in the Atlantic?
The Puerto Rico Trench is the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The peninsula of Florida is visible at the upper right. The islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and the island group of the Virgin Islands are all identified on this three-dimensional bathymetric map, which displays depth.
What is the name of the deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean?
Milwaukee Depth, deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean, lying at a depth of 27,493 feet (8,380 m) about 100 miles (160 km) northwest of the island of Puerto Rico.
Where are the deepest ocean trenches?
The deepest trench in the world, the Mariana Trench located near the Mariana Islands, is 1,580 miles long and averages just 43 miles wide. It is home to the Challenger Deep, which, at 10,911 meters (35,797 feet), is the deepest part of the ocean.
What trench means?
English Language Learners Definition of trench
: a long, narrow hole that is dug in the ground : ditch. : a deep, narrow hole in the ground that is used as protection for soldiers. : a long, narrow hole in the ocean floor.
What’s in the deep ocean?
The abyssal plain is the relatively level deep seafloor. It is a cold and dark place that lies between 3,000 and 6,000 meters below the sea surface. It is also home to squat lobsters, red prawns, and various species of sea cucumbers. For these creatures food is scarce most of the time.