What percentage of Indians have Hindi as mother tongue?

Is Hindi mother tongue of India?

According to the 2001 Census, 52 crore out of 121 crore people identified Hindi as their language. About 32 crore people declared Hindi as their mother tongue. This means that Hindi is the language of less than 44 per cent Indians and mother tongue of only little over 25 per cent people in India.

Which language is the mother tongue of 40% of the Indians?

NEW DELHI: The percentage of Indian population with Hindi as their mother tongue has risen to 43.63% from 41.03% in 2001, according to data on language released on Tuesday as part of Census 2011. Bengali remains the second most spoken language while Marathi has replaced Telugu in third place.

Which country has Hindi as mother tongue?

Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is one of the two official languages of the Government of India, along with the English language.

Hindi
Official language in India
Recognised minority language in South Africa United Arab Emirates
Regulated by Central Hindi Directorate
Language codes
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How many states in India have Hindi as mother tongue?

The Hindi belt is sometimes also used to refer to nine Indian states whose official language is Standard Hindi, namely Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and the union territory of Chandigarh and the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

Can Hindi be mother tongue?

A language is an umbrella term which contains many mother tongues. 43% of Indians speak the Hindi language, which includes many mother tongues such as Bhojpuri, Rajasthani & Hindi. Only about 26% of Indians speak Hindi as mother tongue under the broader Hindi language grouping (according to Census 2011).

Which language is best in India?

Top 10 Most Popular Indian Languages

  • Hindi. Hindi is officially the most popular language spoken across India. …
  • Bengali. The second most widely spoken language after Hindi is none other than Bengali which is said to be spoken by approximately 8% of the entire population. …
  • Telugu.

Do they speak Hindi in Haryana?

Hindi and Punjabi are the main spoken languages in Panchkula. Haryanvi being the state language and most of the Headquarters of main office of Haryana lies here, it gets very imperative that a large chunk of Haryanvi come here on postings or settle here.

Is Hindi is official language of India?

“The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script,” says Article 343 of the Constitution. As per the Constitution, Hindi and English are the official languages of the country, which are to be used for “official purposes” by the government, such as Parliamentary interactions.

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Is learning Hindi difficult?

First off, the script used to write Hindi, Devanagari, is considered particularly hard to get a hang of. … Though it is one of the toughest languages in the world for English speakers, Hindi shares words with Arabic, so those who already speak Arabic will have a leg up in terms of vocabulary!

Which country speaks the most Hindi?

Apart from India, Hindi is also spoken in other countries including Mauritius, Suriname, Nepal, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, and South Africa.

Hindi Speaking Countries.

Rank Country Population of Hindi Speakers
1 India 422,048,642
2 Nepal 8,000,000
3 United States 649,000
4 Mauritius 450,170

Can Afghanistan speak Hindi?

Most Afghans in Kabul understand and/or speak Hindi, thanks to the popularity of Indian cinema in the country.

Is Hindi spoken in Nepal?

According to the 2011 national census, the percentage of Nepali speaking people is about 44.6%. Maithili is the second most spoken language in Nepal at 11.67%.

Languages in Nepal by numbers of speakers.

Rank 20
Language Hindi
Language family Indo-European
Count 77,569
Percentage 0.29%

Who speaks best Hindi in India?

Hindi is the most spoken language in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh as well as the Union Territories of Delhi, Chandigarh, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Is Hindi spoken in Kerala?

Only 0.6% of the people in Kerala are native speakers of Hindi, the least in India, and Tamil Nadu has the smallest percentage of general speakers of the language. Maharashtra, Punjab, and Sikkim have higher than average general Hindi speakers while also having a substantially lower proportion of native Hindi speakers.

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Is Hindi spoken in Telangana?

In Telangana, many people speak in Hindi,” Venkatesh, a local resident, said. There is no strong resistance to Hindi in Hyderabad but many oppose any forceful imposition of Hindi language.