When independence finally came in 1947, what was it about the decision that made many Indians unhappy? The country was divided among religious lines. India was not allowed to have its own military. Indians still had to depend on Britain for food and protection.
What happened to India after gaining independence?
When British rule came to an end in 1947, the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. … The Constitution adopted in 1950 made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.
Why did India continue to struggle after gaining its independence in 1947 quizzes?
Why did India continue to struggle after gaining its independence in 1947? There was conflict between its Hindu and Muslim populations. The United Kingdom’s allies refused to trade with the country. The country had access to very few valuable natural resources.
Why did the Indians turn down dominion status when offered to them in the 1930s?
Why did the Indians turn down dominion status when it was offered to them in the 1930s? They wanted total freedom from Great Britain. … Gandhi did not want Indians to take sides during the war.
What is the main reason for Indian independence?
The INC and Home Rule
It was only after the turn of the century that Congress began to support the growing home rule, and later independence movements in India. Led by Mahatma Gandhi, the party gained votes through its attempts to eradicate religious and ethnic divisions, caste differences and poverty.
Did India gain independence peacefully?
Tensions continued to grow after this, as the British Empire (also known as The Raj) spent tax money on protecting their own interests over helping the people of India, many of whom lived in poverty. This time, however, the independence movement acted peacefully, participating in acts of civil disobedience.
What were the consequences of the partition of India in 1947?
(i) After 1947 most of the population transferred from one to another in unplanned manner. (ii) Many people was killed in the name of religion. (iii) Lakh of people who managed to cross the border lived their life as refugees and in refugee camps. (iv) Thousands of women were abducted.
What forced the British to leave India in 1947?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942.
When did India gain independence?
The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947.
What is meant by the partition of India in 1947?
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India, and the Dominion of Pakistan the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Why did the British rule end in 1947?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
What is the difference between dominion status and complete independence?
India became independent on August 15, 1947, or did it? … While India remained a dominion till 1950, Pakistan retained the status till 1956. In simpler words, dominions were autonomous communities within the British Empire which were “equal in status” but had an “allegiance to the Crown”.
Who proposed Indian dominion status?
In December 1928, Congress session was held in Kolkata and Mahatma Gandhi proposed a resolution that called for the British to grant dominion status to India within two years.
Why is 1947 a landmark year in the history of India?
Events in the year 1947 in India. It was a very eventful year as it became independent from the British crown, resulting in the split of India and Pakistan. Many people died during partition and India became a democracy.
What are the historical events from 1857 to 1947?
Timeline Of Indian History From 1857 To 1947
- The revolt of 1857: …
- Champaran Satyagraha of 1917: …
- The Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920: …
- The Dandi March of 1930: …
- Quit India Movement of 1942: …
- Indian Independence League 1947: …
- Indian Independence Act of 1947:
How India gained their independence?
The 1947 Indian Independence Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom partitioned British India into two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan. After three years, India declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state by adopting its Constitution on January 26, 1950.