When power was transferred to India by the British who was appointed?

After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British East India Company’s territories in India were put under the direct control of the sovereign. The Government of India Act 1858 vested the power to appoint the governor-general in the sovereign.

When power was transferred by India to British who was appointed as the first?

Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning, KG, GCB, KCSI, PC (14 December 1812 – 17 June 1862), also known as The Viscount Canning and Clemency Canning, was a British statesman and Governor-General of India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the first Viceroy of India after the transfer of power from the East India …

When was power transferred?

INDIA (TRANSFER OF POWER) (Hansard, 3 June 1947)

Who was the founder of British rule in India?

How was the British East India Company formed? The British East India Company was formed in 1599 under a charter granted by Queen Elizabeth in 1600. The British Joint Stock Company, as it was known earlier, was founded by John Watts and George White for trade with Asian nations in the south and south-east.

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Which Viceroy was sent with the definite idea of transferring power to India?

2) Lord Mountbatten was sent to India in order to execute the transfer of power from the British crown to the Indians.

What happened in the year 1947 in India?

The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947.

Who is India’s first governor-general?

Governor-General of India

Viceroy and Governor-General of India
Formation 20 October 1773
First holder Warren Hastings
Final holder Lord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)
Abolished 26 January 1950

When did British transfer power to India?

Indian Independence Act 1947

Territorial extent United Kingdom British India
Royal assent 18 July 1947
Commencement 15 August 1947
Repealed 26 January 1950 (India) 23 March 1956 (Pakistan and Bangladesh)

Who founded Indian National Congress?

He arrived in India on 22 March 1947 by air, from London. In the evening, he was taken to his residence and, two days later, he took the Viceregal Oath.

What was India before 1947?

Look at us: we operate with two names, the original name Bharat, and the given name, India. The invaders of Bharat who came up to the river Sindhu somehow managed to pronounce Sindhu as Hindu, and then Indus. And finally India is stuck on us for centuries now.

Who Ruled India first?

The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.

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When did Britain leave India?

In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Who Divided India from Pakistan?

The actual division of British India between the two new dominions was accomplished according to what has come to be known as the “3 June Plan” or “Mountbatten Plan”. It was announced at a press conference by Mountbatten on 3 June 1947, when the date of independence – 15 August 1947 – was also announced.

Who led the Cabinet Mission of 1946?

Formed at the initiative of Clement Attlee (the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom), the mission contained as its members, Lord Pethick-Lawrence (Secretary of State for India), Sir Stafford Cripps (President of the Board of Trade), and A.V. Alexander (First Lord of the Admiralty).

Who was the last Viceroy not India?

Frequently Asked Questions on Viceroys in India

Ans. Lord Canning was the first Viceroy of India. His tenure lasted for four years between 1858 to 1862.