During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.
Which was India’s capital before Delhi?
In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (which is today called Kolkata) to Delhi.
What were the capitals of India?
The English rulers considered Nagpur as the centre of India and hence identified this point and constructed the Zero Mile Stone. Being at the center of the country, they also had a plan to make Nagpur the second capital city.
Which city has one day capital in India?
Allahabad became the capital of the North-Western Provinces in 1858 and was the capital of India for a day.
Was Madras The capital of India?
Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India’s fifth largest city. It is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal.
Which is the capital of Kerala?
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city.
How many capitals India have?
Indian Union Territories and Capitals
|Union Territories Names||Capital||Founded on|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||1 Nov, 1956|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Daman||26 Jan, 2020|
|Delhi||New Delhi||9 May, 1905|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (Winter)||31 Oct 2019|
Which city was the capital of British India?
Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William.
What is the vice capital city of India?
Nagpur is located at the exact centre of the Indian subcontinent, close to the geometric center of the quadrilateral connecting the four major metros of India, viz.
Which city is capital of two states?
CHANDIGARH, India — Since Chandigarh is the shared capital city of both Punjab and Haryana, two farming states in northern India, many of the state government offices are located there.
What is the largest city of India?
India: Major Cities
- New Delhi, India’s capital, is a modern city with a population of more than 7 million people. …
- Bombay (Mumbai), India’s largest city, has a metropolitan area population of more than 15 million. …
- Calcutta (Kolkata) is India’s second largest city.
What is the oldest name of Delhi?
The old name of Delhi is Indraparastha according to Mahabharata era. Pandavas used to live in indraprasta. In due course eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad.
What was Allahabad name before?
Prayagraj, also called Prayag, formerly Allahabad or Ilāhābād, city, southern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is situated at the confluence of the Ganges (Ganga) and Yamuna (Jumna) rivers, about 65 miles (100 km) west-northwest of Varanasi (Benares).