Who founded the city of Calcutta and when?

Calcutta was established in the year 1686 as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. On August 24, 1686, Job Charnock, who was believed to be the founder of Calcutta first came to the village of Sutanuti as a representative of the British East India Company to establish a factory.

When was Kolkata founded?

The history of Kolkata as a British settlement, known to the British as Calcutta, dates from the establishment of a trading post there by Job Charnock, an agent of the English East India Company, in 1690.

Who founded Calcutta in 1690?

A Brief History Of Calcutta

1690 August, Job Charnok, an agent of East India Company (established 1600) settles in Calcutta. 1698 East India Co. bought three villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury. 1699 East India Company started developing Calcutta as a Presidency city.

How Calcutta got its name?

The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. … According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal).

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Who named Kolkata?

The rent-roll of Akbar, the 16th century Mughal emperor, and the work of a Bengali poet, Bipradas Pipilai, of the late 15th century, both make mention of the city’s early name’s being Kolikata, from which Kolkata/Calcutta derive.

Which is the capital of West Bengal?

Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states of India, it is one of the largest in population. The capital is Kolkata (Calcutta). Area 34,267 square miles (88,752 square km).

Which city came to known as Calcutta?

Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. But the British called it Calcutta.

Who is known as Nawab of Bengal?

Sirāj al-Dawlah, original name Mīrzā Muḥammad, (born c. 1729—died July 2/3, 1757), ruler, or nawab, of Bengal, India, under the nominal suzerainty of the Mughal emperor.

Who is the father of Kolkata?

Job Charnock (/dʒoʊb/; c. 1630–1692/1693) was an English administrator with the East India Company. He is commonly regarded as the founder of the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), however, this view is challenged, and in 2003 the Calcutta High Court declared that he ought not to be regarded as the founder.

What is the capital city of India?

New Delhi, national capital of India. It is situated in the north-central part of the country on the west bank of the Yamuna River, adjacent to and just south of Delhi city (Old Delhi) and within the Delhi national capital territory.

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What is the meaning of Calcutta?

Calcutta in American English

(kælˈkʌtə) noun. 1. Modern name: Kolkata. a seaport in and the capital of West Bengal state, in E India, on the Hooghly River: former capital of British India.

What is Calcutta known for?

Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the educational, commercial and cultural centre of the Eastern part of India, and is the third most populous metropolitan city of India. Kolkata is a pioneer in the field of drama, arts, theatre and literature with several nobel laureates contributing to the Kolkata culture.

What is the first capital of India?

During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.

Is Kolkata a dead city?

In 1985, prime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Kolkata a “dying city” in light of its socio-political woes. … The city is also experiencing marked growth in its manufacturing base.

Where did Bengali language come from?

The Bengali linguists Suniti Kumar Chatterji and Sukumar Sen suggested that Bengali had its origin in the 10th century ce, deriving from Magahi Prakrit (a spoken language) through Magahi Apabhramsha (its written counterpart).