There may be no more prolific a writer of Partition fiction than Saadat Hasan Manto, whose short stories captured every aspect of Partition, including the irony of it.
Literature describing the human cost of independence and partition comprises Khushwant Singh’s Train to Pakistan (1956), several short stories such as Toba Tek Singh (1955) by Saadat Hassan Manto, Urdu poems such as Subh-e-Azadi (Freedom’s Dawn, 1947) by Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Bhisham Sahni’s Tamas (1974), Manohar Malgonkar’ …
Who wrote Jinnah and the partition of India?
It was named after its architect, Sir Cyril Radcliffe, who, as the joint chairman of the two boundary commissions for the two provinces, received the responsibility to equitably divide 175,000 square miles (450,000 km2) of territory with 88 million people.
Who separated Pakistan from India?
The main spokesman for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He became the first Governor-General of Pakistan. Millions of people moved across the new Radcliffe Line between the two newly formed states. The population of British India in 1947 was about 570 million.
Which novel is based on India’s partition?
‘The Parted Earth’ Traces The Impact Of India’s Partition Across Generations. In August 1947, British colonizers split the Indian subcontinent into the Muslim-majority nation of Pakistan and the Hindu-majority nation of India, leading to the largest migration in human history.
Who wrote the book Jinnah of Pakistan?
The division of British India between the two new dominions was carried out according to what has come to be known as the “Mountbatten Plan”. It was announced at a press conference by Mountbatten on 3 June 1947, when the date of independence – 15 August 1947 – was also announced.
What was the partition of India and Pakistan?
“Partition” – the division of British India into the two separate states of India and Pakistan on August 14-15, 1947 – was the “last-minute” mechanism by which the British were able to secure agreement over how independence would take place.
Who was Cyril Radcliffe?
Cyril John Radcliffe, 1st Viscount Radcliffe, GBE, PC, QC, FBA (30 March 1899 – 1 April 1977) was a British lawyer and Law Lord best known for his role in the partition of British India. He served as the first chancellor of the University of Warwick from its foundation in 1965 to 1977.
Who was the chairman of Boundary Commission?
Sir Cyril Radcliffe was appointed Chairman of what is known as the Bengal Boundary Commission constituted for dividing Bengal and Assam between the Domin- ions of India and Pakistan- The Commission consisted of two Hindu members and two Moslem members, besides the Chairman.
Who divided the Bengal?
partition of Bengal, (1905), division of Bengal carried out by the British viceroy in India, Lord Curzon, despite strong Indian nationalist opposition.
Why was India divided?
They weren’t happy about things like economic problems as a result of rules put on them by the British. There was also a lot of tension between Hindus and Muslims. In the years leading up to independence, the idea for the new independent region to be divided into two separate states – India and Pakistan – was born.
What was Pakistan called before?
The history of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan began on 14 August 1947 when the country became an independent nation in the form of Dominion of Pakistan within the British Commonwealth as the result of Pakistan Movement and the partition of India.
History of Pakistan (1947–present)
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